Visual Art Fundamentals: The 6 Things You Need To Know


Visual art is everywhere and part of our everyday lives. It is used to express ideas, direct our attention, educate us, and more. Yet many of us don’t realize that there are specific elements and principles that make up visual art. In this article I will explain what they are so you can use them in your own work as well! Through tv storyboard you can express your own ideas and thoughts.

What is the difference between Elements and Principles?

The Elements and Principles of Art are the building blocks of all art, from painting and sculpture to music and poetry. They are used to create a visual experience by combining color, line, shape, texture, space and value (the six elements) in order to communicate ideas.

Principles are the underlying rules that govern the Elements. They are guidelines for creating effective combinations of elements in your work so it will be interesting visually and aesthetically pleasing

What are the Elements of Visual Art?

In visual art, the elements of art are the basic building blocks that make up a work. They are line, shape, value (or light and dark), color, texture and space.

These elements create a composition when combined together to create an overall image or sense of design in a painting or sculpture.

Some artists choose to use only one or two elements in their pieces; others use all seven. It’s all about experimentation!

What are the Principles of Visual Art?

The Principles of Visual Art, or simply the Principles, are six guidelines for making art. They were created by Sir Joshua Reynolds in the eighteenth century and have been taught to all artists since.

The Principles are:

  • Proportion
  • Balance
  • Rhythm
  • Unity – Variety, Contrast and Harmony (and their opposites)

How do the Elements and Principles work together?

Understanding the elements and principles is what gives you the tools to create art that communicates effectively. They work together to create a cohesive piece of art, which can be seen in the visual hierarchy. Visual hierarchy refers to how one image stands out from others by using its size, color scheme or placement on an image plane (canvas).

The most important part of this process is understanding how two different images affect each other within your artwork; it’s about creating balance between them so that neither element overpowers another. In this case, I used black and white as my colors for my subject matter because they are both strong colors that tend not to blend well with other colors when mixed together on an image plane (canvas). This creates contrast between them as well as harmony within their own individual spaces throughout my entire painting — from top left corner down through center bottom right corner all throughout into outer edges of frame border creating visual flow but also stopping before going too far outside those lines creating balance between what’s inside vs outside giving viewer space to breathe while still maintaining focus point on main focal point at center bottom right

How can you use the Elements and Principles in your art making?

The elements and principles are the fundamental building blocks of visual art. They can be used to help you understand how to create great art, but they are not rules that must be followed. The elements and principles provide a foundation for creating your own unique pieces of art by helping you identify what is working well in your piece, or what needs improvement.

The Elements and Principles of Design can help you create compelling art.

Elements and Principles are the building blocks of art. They are what you use to create your artwork, but they can also be used by themselves to create a finished piece. Elements are the tools of art while Principles are rules that govern how we use them.

Elements and Principles work together to create compelling art. Each element has one or more principles attached to it and when they’re used together they create something new (or sometimes something old).

You don’t need any artistic training or experience with drawing or painting; the main thing is to understand why artists do what they do in order for it to become part of your everyday life!


If you want to make compelling art, it’s important to understand the elements and principles of design. These guidelines can help you create strong compositions that communicate your message clearly and effectively. If you know how to use them well, they will make your art even stronger! This article will gives you understanding about art.

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